Access the commonly-used Spark objects associated with a Spark instance. These objects provide access to different facets of the Spark API.






A spark_connection.


The is useful for discovering what methods are available for each of these objects. Use invoke to call methods on these objects.

Spark Context

The main entry point for Spark functionality. The Spark Context represents the connection to a Spark cluster, and can be used to create RDDs, accumulators and broadcast variables on that cluster.

Java Spark Context

A Java-friendly version of the aforementioned Spark Context.

Hive Context

An instance of the Spark SQL execution engine that integrates with data stored in Hive. Configuration for Hive is read from hive-site.xml on the classpath.

Starting with Spark >= 2.0.0, the Hive Context class has been deprecated -- it is superceded by the Spark Session class, and hive_context will return a Spark Session object instead. Note that both classes share a SQL interface, and therefore one can invoke SQL through these objects.

Spark Session

Available since Spark 2.0.0, the Spark Session unifies the Spark Context and Hive Context classes into a single interface. Its use is recommended over the older APIs for code targeting Spark 2.0.0 and above.