Spark ML -- OneVsRest

Reduction of Multiclass Classification to Binary Classification. Performs reduction using one against all strategy. For a multiclass classification with k classes, train k models (one per class). Each example is scored against all k models and the model with highest score is picked to label the example.

ml_one_vs_rest(x, formula = NULL, classifier = NULL,
  features_col = "features", label_col = "label",
  prediction_col = "prediction", uid = random_string("one_vs_rest_"),
  ...)

Arguments

x

A spark_connection, ml_pipeline, or a tbl_spark.

formula

Used when x is a tbl_spark. R formula as a character string or a formula. This is used to transform the input dataframe before fitting, see ft_r_formula for details.

classifier

Object of class ml_estimator. Base binary classifier that we reduce multiclass classification into.

features_col

Features column name, as a length-one character vector. The column should be single vector column of numeric values. Usually this column is output by ft_r_formula.

label_col

Label column name. The column should be a numeric column. Usually this column is output by ft_r_formula.

prediction_col

Prediction column name.

uid

A character string used to uniquely identify the ML estimator.

...

Optional arguments; see Details.

Value

The object returned depends on the class of x.

  • spark_connection: When x is a spark_connection, the function returns an instance of a ml_predictor object. The object contains a pointer to a Spark Predictor object and can be used to compose Pipeline objects.

  • ml_pipeline: When x is a ml_pipeline, the function returns a ml_pipeline with the predictor appended to the pipeline.

  • tbl_spark: When x is a tbl_spark, a predictor is constructed then immediately fit with the input tbl_spark, returning a prediction model.

  • tbl_spark, with formula: specified When formula is specified, the input tbl_spark is first transformed using a RFormula transformer before being fit by the predictor. The object returned in this case is a ml_model which is a wrapper of a ml_pipeline_model.

Details

When x is a tbl_spark and formula (alternatively, response and features) is specified, the function returns a ml_model object wrapping a ml_pipeline_model which contains data pre-processing transformers, the ML predictor, and, for classification models, a post-processing transformer that converts predictions into class labels. For classification, an optional argument predicted_label_col (defaults to "predicted_label") can be used to specify the name of the predicted label column. In addition to the fitted ml_pipeline_model, ml_model objects also contain a ml_pipeline object where the ML predictor stage is an estimator ready to be fit against data. This is utilized by ml_save with type = "pipeline" to faciliate model refresh workflows.

See also